Topics for Objective Type
UNIT – I - GENERAL SCIENCE :
PHYSICS ‐ Universe ‐ General Scientific laws ‐ Scientific instruments ‐ Inventions and discoveries‐National scientific laboratories‐Science glossary‐Mechanics and properties of matter‐Physical quantities, standards and units‐Force, motion and energy‐ electricity and Magnetism ‐ electronics & communications ‐ Heat, light and sound‐Atomic and nuclear physics‐Solid State Physics‐Spectroscopy – Geophysics ‐ Astronomy and space science.
CHEMISTRY ‐ Elements and Compounds‐Acids, bases and salts ‐ Oxidation and reduction – Chemistry of ores and metals ‐Carbon, nitrogen and their compounds‐Fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides‐Biochemistry and biotechnology‐Electrochemistry‐Polymers and plastics
BOTANY ‐ Main Concepts of life science‐The cell‐basic unit of life‐Classification of living organism‐Nutrition and dietetics‐Respiration‐Excretion of metabolic waste‐Bio‐ communication
ZOOLOGY ‐ Blood and blood circulation‐Endocrine system‐Reproductive system‐Genetics the science of heredity‐Environment, ecology, health and hygiene, Bio‐ diversity and its conservation‐Human diseases, prevention and remedies‐Communicable diseases and non‐ communicable diseases‐Alcoholism and drug abuse‐Animals, plants and human life.
UNIT ‐ II. CURRENT EVENTS
History ‐ Latest diary of events – National ‐ National symbols ‐Profile of States‐Defence, national security and terrorism‐World organizations‐pacts and summits‐Eminent persons & places in news‐Sports & games‐Books & authors ‐Awards & honours‐Cultural panorama‐Latest historical events‐ India and its neighbours‐ Latest terminology‐ Appointments‐who is who? Political Science ‐ India’s foreign policy ‐ Latest court verdicts – public opinion ‐ Problems in conduct of public elections‐ Political parties and political system in India‐ Public awareness & General administration‐ Role of Voluntary organizations & Govt.,‐ Welfare oriented govt. schemes, their utility Geography ‐ Geographical landmarks‐Policy on environment and ecology Economics‐ Current socio‐economic problems‐New economic policy & govt. sector Science ‐ Latest inventions on science & technology ‐ Latest discoveries in Health Science ‐ Mass media & communication
UNIT – III GEOGRAPHY
Earth and Universe ‐ Solar system ‐ Atmosphere hydrosphere, lithosphere ‐Monsoon, rainfall, weather and climate ‐ Water resources ‐ rivers in India ‐ Soil, minerals & natural resources‐Natural vegetation‐Forest & wildlife‐Agricultural pattern, livestock
& fisheries‐Transport & communication‐Social geography – population‐density and distribution‐Natural calamities – disaster management‐Climate change ‐ impact and consequences ‐ mitigation measures‐Pollution Control
UNIT – IV HISTORY AND CULTURE OF INDIA
Pre‐historic events ‐Indus valley civilization‐Vedic, Aryan and Sangam age‐Maurya dynasty‐Buddhism and Jainism‐ Guptas, Delhi Sultans, Mughals and Marathas‐Age of Vijayanagaram and the bahmanis‐ South Indian history‐Culture and Heritage of Tamil people‐Advent of European invasion‐Expansion and consolidation of British rule‐Effect of British rule on socio‐ economic factors‐Social reforms and religious movements‐India since independence‐ Characteristics of Indian culture‐Unity in 18 diversity –race, colour, language, custom‐ India‐as secular state‐Organizations for fine arts, dance, drama, music‐Growth of rationalist, Dravidian movement in TN‐Political parties and populist schemes – Prominent personalities in the various spheres – Arts, Science, literature and Philosophy – Mother Teresa, Swami Vivekananda, Pandit Ravishankar , M.S.Subbulakshmi, Rukmani Arundel and J.Krishnamoorthy etc.
UNIT – V ‐ INDIAN POLITY
Constitution of India ‐ Preamble to the constitution ‐ Salient features of constitution ‐ Union, State and territory ‐ Citizenship‐rights amend duties ‐ Fundamental rights ‐ Fundamental duties ‐ Human rights charter ‐ Union legislature – Parliament ‐ State executive ‐ State Legislature – assembly ‐ Status of Jammu & Kashmir ‐ Local government – panchayat raj – Tamil Nadu ‐ Judiciary in India – Rule of law/Due process of law ‐ Indian federalism – center – state relations ‐ Emergency provisions ‐ Civil services in India ‐ Administrative challenges in a welfare state ‐ Complexities of district administration ‐ Elections ‐ Election Commission Union and State ‐ Official language and Schedule‐VIII ‐ Amendments to constitution ‐ Schedules to constitution ‐ Administrative reforms & tribunals‐ Corruption in public life ‐ Anti‐ corruption measures – Central Vigilance Commission, lok‐adalats, Ombudsman, Comptroller and Auditor General of India. ‐ Right to information ‐ Central and State Commission ‐ Empowerment of women‐ Voluntary organizations and public grievances redressal ‐ Consumer protection forms
UNIT – VI ‐ INDIAN ECONOMY
Nature of Indian economy ‐ Five‐year plan models‐ an assessment ‐ Land reforms & agriculture ‐ Application of science in agriculture ‐ Industrial growth ‐ Capital formation and investment‐Role of public sector & disinvestment ‐ Development of infrastructure‐ National income ‐ Public finance & fiscal policy ‐ Price policy & public distribution‐ Banking, money & monetary policy ‐ Role of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) ‐ WTO‐globalization & privatization ‐ Rural welfare oriented programmes ‐ Social sector problems – population, education, health, employment, poverty ‐ HRD – sustainable economic growth‐ Economic trends in Tamil Nadu ‐ Energy Different sources and development ‐ Finance Commission ‐ Planning Commission ‐ National Development Council
UNIT – VII ‐ INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT
National renaissance‐ Early uprising against British rule‐1857 Revolt‐ Indian National Congress ‐ Emergence of national leaders‐ Gandhi, Nehru, Tagore, Netaji ‐Growth of militant movements ‐Different modes of agitations‐Era of different Acts & Pacts‐World war & final phase struggle ‐ Communalism led to partition‐ Role of Tamil Nadu in freedom struggle ‐ Rajaji, VOC, Periyar, Bharathiar & Others ‐ Birth of political parties /political system in India since independence
UNIT – VIII – APTITUDE & MENTAL ABILITY TESTS
Conversion of information to data ‐ Collection, compilation and presentation of data ‐ Tables, graphs, diagrams‐ Parametric representation of data‐Analytical interpretation of data ‐Simplification‐ Percentage‐Highest Common Factor (HCF)‐Lowest Common Multiple (LCM)‐Ratio and Proportion‐Simple interest‐Compound interest‐Area‐Volume‐Time and Work‐ Behavioral ability ‐ Basic terms, Communications in information technology ‐ Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) ‐ Decision making and problem solving Logical Reasoning ‐ Puzzles – Dice ‐ Visual Reasoning‐ Alpha numeric Reasoning‐ Number Series ‐ Logical Number/Alphabetical/Diagrammatic Sequences
Topics for Descriptive type
PAPER - I
- UNIT- I : Modern history of India and Indian culture
- UNIT- II : Social issues in India and Tamil Nadu
- UNIT- III : General Aptitude & Mental Ability (SSLC Standard)
PAPER - II
- UNIT- I : Indian Polity and emerging political trends across the world affecting India
- UNIT- II : Role and impact of Science and Technology in the development of India
- UNIT- III : Tamil Society ‐ Its Culture and Heritage
PAPER - III
- UNIT- I : Geography of India with special reference to Tamil Nadu
- UNIT- II : Environment, Bio Diversity and Disaster Management
- UNIT- III : Indian Economy - Current economic trends and impact of global economy on India
PAPER – I - General Studies
UNIT- I: MODERN HISTORY OF INDIA AND INDIAN CULTURE
Advent of European invasion ‐ Expansion and consolidation of British rule - Early uprising against British rule ‐ 1857 Revolt - Indian National Congress ‐ Growth of militant movements ‐ Different modes of agitations - Emergence of national leaders ‐ Gandhi, Nehru, Tagore, Netaji, Moulana Abulkalam Azad, Ambedkar and Patel ‐ Era of different Acts & Pacts ‐ Second World War & final phase struggle ‐ Communalism led to partition. Effect of British rule on socio‐economic factors ‐ National renaissance - Socio religious reform movements. India since independence ‐ Characteristics of Indian culture ‐ Unity in diversity ‐ Race, Language, Religion Custom ‐ India: a secular state ‐ Organizations for fine arts, dance, drama and music. Role of Tamil Nadu in freedom struggle ‐ Bharathiar, VOC, Subramania Siva, Rajaji, Periyar and others - Political parties and Welfare schemes. Latest diary of events: National and International ‐ National symbols- Eminent personalities & places in news ‐ Sports & Games ‐ Books & Authors ‐ Awards & Honours ‐ Cultural panorama ‐ Latest historical events - Latest terminology ‐ Appointments ‐ who is who?
UNIT- II : SOCIAL ISSUES IN INDIA AND TAMIL NADU
Population Explosion ‐ Unemployment issues in India & Tamil Nadu ‐ Child Abuse & Child Labour - Poverty - Rural and Urban Sanitation – Illiteracy. Women Empowerment ‐ Role of the Government in Women Empowerment - Social injustice to Women ‐ Domestic violence, Dowry menace, Sexual assault - Role of women and women’s organisations Social changes in India - Urbanization and its impact on the society – Problems and remedies ‐ Impact of violence on Society – Religious violence, Terrorism and Communal violence ‐ Regional Disparities ‐ Problems of Minorities ‐ Human Rights issues. Education – Linkage between Education and Social Development ‐ Community Development Programmes ‐ Employment Guarantee Schemes ‐ Self Employment and Entrepreneurship Development ‐ Role of N.G.Os in Social Welfare – Government Policy on Health. Welfare Schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Central and State governments and their performance.
UNIT-III : GENERAL APTITUDE & MENTAL ABILITY
Conversion of information to data ‐ Collection, compilation and presentation of data ‐ Tables, Graphs, Diagrams ‐ Parametric representation of data ‐ Analytical interpretation of data ‐ Percentage ‐ Highest Common Factor (HCF) ‐ Lowest Common Multiple (LCM) ‐ Ratio and Proportion ‐ Simple interest ‐ Compound interest ‐ Area ‐ Volume‐ Time and Work - Probability. Information technology ‐ Basic terms, Communications ‐ Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) ‐ Decision making and problem solving ‐ Basics in Computers / Computer terminology.
Paper – II - General Studies
UNIT – I : INDIAN POLITY AND EMERGING POLITICAL TRENDS ACROSS THE WORLD AFFECTING INDIA
Constitution of India: Historical background - Making of the Indian Constitution - Preamble - Salient features of the Indian Constitution - Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties - Directive Principles of State Policy - Schedules to the Indian Constitution. Union Executive: President, Vice - President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, Attorney General of India. Union Legislature: Parliament: Lok - Sabha and Rajya - Sabha - Composition, Powers, Functions and Legislative procedures. Union Judiciary: Structure, Powers and Functions of the Supreme Court - Judicial Review - Latest Verdicts. State Executive: Governor, Chief Minister - Speaker and Council of Ministers , Advocate General of the State. State Legislature: State Legislative Assembly - Organization, Powers and Functions. State Judiciary: Organisation, Powers and Functions of High Courts, District Courts and Subordinate Courts. Local Government: Historical Development - Features and working of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992. Union Territories: Evolution of States and Union Territories - Administration of Union Territories. Federalism in India: Centre - State Relations - Centre - State Administrative Relations - Centre - State Legislative Relations and Centre - State Financial Relations. Civil Services in India: Historical background - Classification of Civil Services – Recruitment & Training of Civil Servants. State Services: Classification of State Services and Recruitment. Official Language: Constitutional provision - Official Language Act, VIII Schedule to the Constitution. Amendments: Major Amendments to the Indian Constitution. Special Status to Jammu & Kashmir: Art 370. Political Parties: National & Regional parties, Pressure Groups, Interest Groups, Public Opinion, Mass Media, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and their role. Issue Areas in Indian Administration: Corruption in India - Anti - Corruption Measures - CVC - Lok Adalats - Ombudsman - RTI Act - Minister - Secretary Relationship - Generalist Vs. Specialist controversy. Constitutional and Non-Constitutional Bodies - Composition, Powers and Functions. Profile of States - Defence, National Security and Terrorism - World Organisations - Pacts and Summits. India's Foreign Policy: Foreign Affairs with Special emphasis on India's relations with neighbouring countries and in the region - Security and defence related issues - Nuclear Policy - Issues and conflicts. The Indian Diaspora and its contribution to India and to the World. Current Affairs
UNIT – II : ROLE AND IMPACT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA
Science and Technology – Role, Achievements and Developments - Their applications and effects in everyday life ‐ Energy ‐ Conventional and Non-conventional - Self sufficiency ‐ Oil exploration ‐ Defence Research Organizations and other science and technology institutions - Ocean Research and Development - Role and Functions. Advancements in the fields of I.T., Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-Technology ‐ Mobile Communication - Remote sensing and its benefits. Health and hygiene ‐ Human diseases - Prevention and remedies ‐ Communicable diseases and non‐communicable diseases - Genetic Engineering - Organ transplantation - Stem cell Technology - Medical Tourism - Advancements in Horticulture & Agriculture. Achievements of Indians in the fields of Science and Technology. Latest inventions in science & technology.
UNIT – III : TAMIL SOCIETY - ITS CULTURE AND HERITAGE
Candidates may answer the questions in this unit EITHER in Tamil OR in English.
- 1) Tamil Society : Origin and expansion.
- 2) Art and Culture : Literature, Music, Film, Drama, Architecture, Sculpture, Paintings and Folk Arts.
- 3) Socio - economic history of Tamil Nadu from Sangam age to till date.
- 4) Growth of Rationalist, Dravidian movements in Tamil Nadu - Their role in the socio – economic development of Tamil Nadu.
- 5) Social and cultural life of contemporary Tamils : Caste, Religion, Women, Politics, Education, Economy, Trade and relationship with other countries.
- 6) Tamil and other Disciplines: Mass Media, Computer Etc.
Paper – III ‐ General Studies
UNIT-I : GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO TAMILNADU
Location - Physical features - Major Rivers - Weather & Climate - Monsoon, Rainfall ‐ Natural resources:- Soil, Water, Forest, Minerals and Wild life - Agricultural pattern – Livestock - Fisheries - Industries; Major industries - Growth and Development - Social- Cultural geography - Population : Growth, Density and Distribution - Racial, linguistic and major tribes. Oceanography - Bottom relief features of Indian Ocean, Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal. Basics of Geospatial Technology: Geographical Information System (GIS) and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). Map: Geographical landmarks - India and its neighbours. Current Affairs
UNIT II: ENVIRONMENT, BIODIVERSITY AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Ecology: Structure and function of Ecosystem – Ecological succession - Biodiversity conservation: Types – Biodiversity Hot Spots in India – Biodiversity : Significance and Threats – In situ and Ex situ conservation measures – Roles of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) & Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Environmental Pollution and Management: Air, Water, Soil, Thermal and Noise pollution and control strategies – Solid and Hazardous waste management - Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA): Steps in EIA process – Environmental Clearance – Environmental Auditing. Climate Change: Global Environmental Issues and Management – Changes in monsoon pattern in Tamil Nadu and India – Environmental consequences of climate change and mitigation measures – Clean and Green Energy – Environmental Sustainability. Environmental Laws, Policies & Treaties in India and Global scenario - Natural calamities and Disaster Management – Environmental Health and Sanitation.
UNIT III : INDIAN ECONOMY - CURRENT ECONOMIC TRENDS AND IMPACT OF GLOBAL ECONOMY ON INDIA
Features of Indian Economy – Demographical profile of India – National Income – Capital formation - NEP (New Economic Policy) – NITI AYOG – National Development Council. Agriculture – Role of Agriculture – Land reforms – New Agricultural Strategy – Green Revolution – Price Policy, Public Distribution System (PDS), Subsidy, Food Security– Agricultural Marketing, Crop Insurance, Labour – Rural credit & indebtness – WTO & Agriculture. Industry - Growth ‐ Policy – Role of public sector and disinvestment – Privatisation and Liberalization – Public Private Partnership (PPP) – SEZs. – MSMEs. – Make in India. Infrastructure in India – Transport System - Energy – Power – Communication - Social Infrastructure - Science & Technology - R&D. Banking & Finance – Banking, Money & Finance – Central Bank – Commercial Bank – NBFIs. - Stock Market – Financial Reforms – Financial Stability – Monetary Policy – RBI & Autonomy. Public Finance – Sources of Revenue – Tax & Non-Tax Revenue – Canons of taxation – GST – Public expenditure – Public debt – Finance Commission – Fiscal Policy. Issues in Indian Economy – Poverty & inequality – Poverty alleviation programmes – MGNREGA – New Welfare programmes for rural poverty – Unemployment – Inflation – Inflation targeting – Sustainable economic growth – Gender issues. India’s Foreign Trade – BOP, EX-IM Policy, FOREX Market, FDI; Globalization & its impact – Global economic crisis & impact on Indian economy. International Agencies – IMF (International Monetary Fund) World Bank - BRICS - SAARC - ASEAN. Tamil Nadu Economy & Issues – Gross State Domestic Product – Trends in State’s economic growth – Demographic profile of Tamil Nadu – Agriculture – Industry & entrepreneurship development in Tamil Nadu – Infrastructure – Power, Transportation systems – Social Infrastructure – SHGs. & Rural Women empowerment – Rural poverty & unemployment – Environmental issues – Regional economic disparities – Local Government - Recent government welfare programmes. Current Affairs